What is Prosecco? Learn About the Italian Sparkling Wine

Feb 25, 2022

Prosecco is a dry white wine made from the Glera grape, native to Italy's Veneto region. It is often served chilled or lightly chilled as an aperitif and goes best with seafood, chicken and salads.

What does the word Prosecco mean?

Prosecco is a small town in the province of Trieste, in the far north-east of the Italian peninsula. 

Mention of grape cultivation here dates back to the middle of the 13th century.

It is certain that wine-growing was located on the sunny slopes down from Prosecco towards the sea, sheltered from the cold bora winds, where the marly-arenaceous soil, covered by the sea in ancient times, was favorable for the ripening of very special grapes.

Where is Prosecco produced?

The Prosecco DOC production area is located in the north-eastern part of Italy in 4 provinces of Friuli Venezia Giulia (Gorizia, Pordenone, Trieste and Udine) and in 5 provinces of Veneto (Belluno, Padua, Treviso, Venice, Vicenza). 

When the grape harvest, vinification and bottling take place entirely in the provinces of Treviso and Trieste, the special mentions Prosecco DOC Treviso and Prosecco DOC Trieste can be used. 

Two provinces which, throughout history, have played a fundamental role in the production of Prosecco.

Prosecco Numbers

  • 486 million: Bottles
  • 11460: wineries
  • 1192: wineries

Grape variety

Glera is the basic grape variety for the production of Prosecco.

Interesting facts

  • Prosecco is the most widely exported Italian wine abroad.
  • In 2014 it overtook Champagne for the first time in terms of the number of bottles sold worldwide.
  • Since 2019, the Prosecco Hills of Conegliano and Valdobbiadene have been on the UNESCO World Heritage list.

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